The seeds of Egusi are very popular throughout Africa and it is available throughout the year. Picture 2 – Egusi Image All Nigerian Recipes. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); var sc_project=7832586; var sc_invisible=0; Description  |  Recipes  |  Season | Storage | Buying Guide | Nutrition. The taxonomy is not clear but the ECHO seed comes from what is probably a variety or sub-species of watermelon. and egusi vegetable soup, egusi fried vegetable. Sometimes fish, meat or vegetables are also added. The amino acid content of egusi-itoo proteins makes it a sufficient vegetable protein. Your email address will not be published. Egusi melon seed is used mostly in the preparation of ethnic food delicacy known as egusi soup, egusi stew and salad, and in some cases can be used in thickening soups. Egusi seeds are seeds from the Melon fruit also known as gourd or squash. These seeds are classified according to the sharpness of edges, seed coat thickness and oil properties. The characteristics and uses of all these seeds are broadly similar. It is native to Central and West Africa. Meaning of egusi. The fruit looks so much like a small, round watermelon but is not edible as its white flesh is dry and bitter enough to be repulsive. The seeds contain alphatocopherol (Vitamin E component) that helps to maintain young and smooth skin. It is largely grown in countries like Nigeria, Northern Namibia, Ghana and Sierra Leon. The seeds are a great source of protein and fat. In African countries, Egusi is known by many names like wild watermelon, ibara, agushi, ikpoghiri, egusi melon, neri niri etc. These seeds can also be a good substitute for baby food. A very rich, but expensive vegetable oil is also produced from this seed. The branches of this plant are used to feed cattle. I. Okezie Akobundu for supplying the egusi seed, C. James for technical assistance, and B. Piccolo for the mineral analyses. Current Facts Citrullus lanatus, or Egusi is a wild gourd native to West Africa and is a relative of the watermelon. Are you a customer, but do not have any login details yet? Egusi seeds are the fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants. Wikipedia English - The Free Encyclopedia Egusi seeds are fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous (squash, melon, gourd) plants. In the 1960’s, Nigeria was producing 73000 tons Of Egusi, annually. When ready to be used in food recipes, the white/cream seeds are ground into powder and used as soup thickener. Peel the achara by removing the coarse outer husk till you get to the tender part. The shells of the seeds are yellow in colour while the inner seed is usually milky white. Therefore, it is rare to see the loss or wastage of this plant. Egusi belongs to the family of water melons. var sc_security="9d00c268"; If the seeds are dusty, it means they have been in storage for too long. 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Then, cut up … In many parts of Africa, where farmers lack the access of dairy products or meat, these seeds are used as a substitute that provides them a lot of nutrition. Similar to Callaloo, egusi is a category of crops based on their similar function. Each seed is covered with hard outer shell. If grounded seeds are not stored in a proper way, it may be infected with fungi that produce aflatoxins, which are toxic. All rights reserved. The figure is based on the dehulled seed, the kernel, which is the edible portion. After harvest, the gourds are left to ferment; the fermented flesh is then washed off the seeds. If not harvested, a full grown plant remains in the ground for a long period of time. egusi ( uncountable ) Melon seeds that are ground to make soup in Africa . Each seed is covered with hard outer shell. Egusi melon is a fast-spreading creeping vine. Grind the egusi seeds and the ósú with a dry mill. When buying egusi in the open Nigerian markets, you should check for dust. Finding new ingredients is just one of the joys of this culinary journey around the world. They grow in gourds which are mainly cultivated for their seeds as the flesh is neither sweet nor edible. Egusi is a seed that comes from a inedible gourd that looks similar to a watermelon. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The seeds are generally white or creamy in color. Here is a brief description of the fruit and seed of this plant-, Unlike watermelon, the fruit of this plant is not edible. 99 ($12.99/Count) ... English United States. Coarsely ground up, they thicken stews and contribute to widely enjoyed steamed dumplings. Egusi seeds are the fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous plants. Fresh seeds are neither edible nor tastes good. The small looking Egusi seeds are full of nutrients. There are 234 calories in 1 serving of Egusi. Some of the popular Egusi recipes are-. It is available with or without the outer shell. These seeds are high with protein and oil contents as it is composed of 30% pure protein and 50% edible oil. Here are some simple steps that you need to follow-. Seasons/Availability Egusi seeds are available year-round. If the melon seeds are shelled, they do not last as long because in this state, it is easier for them to pick up moisture and become mouldy. The seeds are harvested from the gourd and used as a … Newly harvested melon seeds are not the best for preparing Egusi Soups because they are not so dry yet and may cause indigestion. Egusi also known as wild watermelon, Ibara, Egusi melon, Agushi and Agusi belongs to the family of watermelon. Apart from that, the seeds are generally used in many West African cuisines. It is best to buy melon seeds harvested from the year before because this ensures that they are very dry. These seeds are used to make very healthy cholesterol free oil. In some parts, it is called “bitter apple.”. Required fields are marked *. You can plant egusi seeds in Nigeria in August, after harvest of other fruits and vegetables is nearly complete. Fresh seeds are neither edible nor tastes good. ‘I still think my dad made the best egusi’ More example sentences Melon seeds properly stored with the shells can last for very long periods of time. Egusi seeds with shell have a long shelf life and can be stored for a long period of time. The white, bitter fruits are inedible; instead it is grown for the seeds which contain 50% oil and 30% protein and can be ground into a paste to be used as a protein rich thickening agent. Definition of egusi in the Definitions.net dictionary. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. Try it and let me know what you think. It belongs to the gourd family of plants. Improves Appetite. The fruit from where melon seeds are extracted from are from a different variety of watermelon but a large seeded variety. Initially, researchers will survey egusi marketing and processing to establish types of egusi used, production levels and shelling methods. The inner side of the fruit is filled with slightly bitter and dry flesh. It stops the growth of weeds. This plant can be grown in any condition from dry savannah to tropical highlands. When ready … Picture 3 – Egusi Picture These seeds are available in all the open markets around West Africa or any African food outlets around the world. It can be grown in barren lands or some of the driest locations around the world. Egusi seed is botanically known as Citrullus colocynthis (Curcurbita citrullus L. or Citrullus lanatus Thumb.) The most traditional way to cook Egusi Soup. Egusi soup is a very popular and a much loved dish in most all of West Africa. Egusi seeds are in a class of their own and should never be mistaken for pumpkin seeds. © 2021 (Only Foods). This is a post harvest operation that replaces the time consuming and strenous manual proess. Noun. Planting Egusi is very easy. These are the few reasons why farmers often intercrop this plant with other plants. Below are some of the health benefits of Melon Seed which is good for the human health. One side of the seed is rounded and the other side has a pointed tip. in the rainy season and it is harvested in October – December. One side of the seed is rounded and the other side has a pointed tip. This is primarily grown for its seeds. Egusi (melon) seeds are readily available in the open Nigerian markets or African food stores all over the world. Then break the tender part into 1 cm long pieces. $12.99 $ 12. These are an excellent source of tryptophan, methionine and arginine. To switch things up, you can try them, best of all if you live outside Nigeria, these 3 can be found in your local supermarket, and you may not have to visit the Nigerian food store, if you don’t want to. Reproduction in whole or in part without permission is prohibited. 1.1 A thick West African soup made with ground melon seeds, typically also containing leaf vegetables and meat or fish. The appearance of the fruit is so similar to a watermelon that anyone can be misguided. It is known by various names such as bitter cucumber, pumpkin seeds, egusi melon, vine of Sodom plant, wild gourd, bitter apple, colocynth or desert gourd. Get the latest recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox. At times, the seeds are blend with honey and water that produces a kind of liquid, which can be used for feeding children if breast milk is not available. As the seeds thresholds for GMOs are based on the food labelling threshold, and as the labelling threshold will be discussed again in the next few months in Parliament during the second reading of the proposed GM food and feed regulation, the Commission will wait for the outcome of these discussions before proceeding with the question of GMO thresholds in seeds. Many processed form of Egusi seeds are available in the market and have made their way to common recipes. Nigerian Egusi Seeds, Whole Melon Seeds for Egusi Soup, Nigerian Seasoning, African Food (200g / 8oz) 5.0 out of 5 stars 5. Information and translations of egusi in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on … Feco ground or whole egusi is properly handpicked, cleaned, neatly and hygienically processed from Igbo egusi melon seeds which have a moderate thickening ability and stored in air-tight containers to retain taste and freshness. ‘I still think my dad made the best egusi’ More example sentences This seed is known as Sesame in French speaking regions. Egusi seeds are small and flat. var sc_text=2; Copyright © 2021. It also has a small amount of calcium and carbohydrate. Get nutrition facts for all your favorite recipes and all the foods you eat everyday. If it is dusty, then it means the seeds older and the quality is not good enough. The seeds which resemble large, white melon seeds, are usually eaten as a … He gives me a key, which looks like the key to the security lock on my front door in real life. Add ¾ of a cup of egusi or pumpkin seeds to a blender and pulse them on high for 30 seconds, until they’re a powdery paste. The seeds are used to make soups. It is better if it is stored in an air tight container so that the moisture can be kept out from the seeds. Egusi Melon is cultivated in portions of West Africa, especially in Western Nigeria, for the food in the seed and as a crop interplanted with maize, cassava, or other crops. Particularly in Nigerian culture, egusi is popular with pounded yam. The scientific name for Egusi is Citrullus lanatus. Egusi Seeds. This plant and especially the nutritious seeds are very popular among farmers and poor people in Africa, since it is available throughout the year. Egusi do not do well in open and flat fields. Sometime the roasted seeds are used to make a paste for spreading on bread. Obtain a supply of seed at a local market. It is also used in making cakes and fruit snacks. Sunflower Seeds Egusi Soup is a great alternative to the much loved Nigerian Egusi Soup. The major ingredients of most Nigerian soup mixtures includes Meat of choice (beef, chicken, turkey, goat meat, or assorted meat). They are cultivated during the beginning of the rainy season, in the months of April through June and harvested at the onset of the dry season, in the months of October through December. Source – 1.bp.blogspot.com, Picture 4 – Egusi Soup This plant is native to West and Central Africa. Egusi Melon plants closely resemble watermelon plants; both have a non climbing creeping habit and deeply cut lobed leaves. They grow in gourds which are mainly cultivated for their seeds as the flesh is neither sweet nor edible. The origin and the developmental genetics of Egusi phenotype are actually unknown. It also contains stearic, linoleic,  palmitic, and oleic acids, which are important in protecting the heart. The seeds are generally white or creamy in color. The authors thank Dr. After harvest, the gourds are left to ferment; the fermented flesh is then washed off the seeds. It is widely used to thicken stews and soups. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. Edited Abstract English (1999/11/28) Egusi seed is obtained from several types of melons. The characteristics and uses of all these seeds are broadly similar. Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. This plant blankets the area where it grows. The seeds are then dried and the light brown husks removed by hand or mechanically. These seeds are classified according to the sharpness of edges, seed coat thickness and oil properties. Egusi is a West African name for the seeds of plants like squash, melons, and gourds; when dried and ground, they become a staple ingredient in many West African dishes. He breaks into French as his English fails him, and though I don’t know French well I understand what he is saying. Egusi (Colocynthis citrullus lanatus) is among 300 melon species found in tropical Africa. From Left to right, and in order of number of calories; Pumpkin seeds, Almonds, Egusi seeds and Sesame seeds (benniseed). Egusi in English Egusi seeds are fat- and protein-rich seeds of certain cucurbitaceous (squash, melon, gourd) plants. This plant is usually cultivated for its oily seed. What does egusi mean? Ground melon seeds should be used immediately but if stored in very cold temperatures, it can last up to a month and still retain its taste. Our Egusi Soup is made from the popular Egusi seeds known in English as melon seed. The cultivation starts around April to June i.e. In West Africa, a region where soups are integral to life, Egusi is a major soup ingredient and a common component of daily meals. Try to buy the dried ones, since newly harvested melon seeds are not good for cooking. Melon seed is popularly or locally called Egusi, and is fortied with essential minerals and vitamins which promotes eye vision, improves the skin and hair, and other numerous benefits it offers. and belongs to the Cucurbitaceae family. Egusi seeds are rich in oil and protein thereby making them a dietary supplement. 1.1 A thick West African soup made with ground melon seeds, typically also containing leaf vegetables and meat or fish. Source – lh3.ggpht.com, http://www.africanfoods.co.uk/egusi-soup.html, http://blogs.worldwatch.org/nourishingtheplanet/seeds-seeds-seeds-egusi-the-miracle-melon/, http://jhered.oxfordjournals.org/content/95/3/268.full, Your email address will not be published. The seeds are then dried and the light brown husks removed by hand or mechanically. It is best stored in air-tight containers. It will be better if you buy the seeds with outer shell, because this protects the seeds from getting contaminated. Choose a site for planting egusi that will be sheltered, such as the margin of a garden, in between other plantings or near the edge of woods. The seedlings will start to appear within a week or so. The right time to harvest is when the stems become dry and the fruit becomes yellowish-white. This is because after it is harvested, it is dried and in this state, it can be stored for a very long time. Egusi seeds are similar in flavor to pumpkin seeds. Egusi belongs to the family of water melons. Egusi seeds are used to make various kinds of soups, which are very popular throughout African countries like Nigeria and Ghana. Names of companies or commercial products are given solely for the purpose of providing specific information; their mention does not imply recommendation or endorsement by the U.S. Department of Agriculture over others not mentioned. Seeds without shell easily pick up the moisture, which affects the taste as well as the nutritional value. Egusi Seeds are available all year round. Egusi plant is native to West Africa. It is also resilient to pests. 1. All 3 can be used to make ‘Egusi’ style soup. Egusi Distribution Grind the crayfish with the ogiri okpei, also with a dry mill or spice grinder. One end of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered. The seeds must be roasted and they are delicious as a snack simply eaten whole. Egusi, when ground into powder, is the main ingredient in the following Nigerian soups used in eating fufu meals: Ground Egusi (melon) seeds are used to prepare this Nigerian soup recipe with an intercontinental taste. Egusi seeds are small and flat. This is to keep out weevils and moisture. Retrieved from ” https: The vertical and horizontal forces were obtained by Instron machine, kN, with feed speed of 2 mm sec Culinary Purposes Egusi is mostly grown for its shelled seeds that are usually ground and used for preparing assorted dishes such as egusi soup, egusi stew and salad. One end of the seed is rounded while the other is tapered. Here's how to prepare the popular Nigerian Egusi Soup using the fried method. It is also cultivated in the countries such as Northern Namibia, Nigeria, Sierra Leon and Ghana. Dry seeds are often eaten as a snack. Request login Authorities disagree whether the word is used more properly for the seeds of the colocynth, those of a particular large-seeded variety of the watermelon, or generically for those of any cucurbitaceous plant. When buying these seeds, just make sure that the seeds are not dusty. All rights reserved. Source – wikimedia.org. 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( squash, melon, gourd ) plants oil egusi seeds in english as it is better if you buy the are... Consuming and strenous manual proess technical assistance, and add these essential nutrients into West African.! Also used in making cakes and fruit snacks favorite recipes and tips delivered right to your inbox nutritional.... And fat is stored in an air tight container so that the seeds with outer shell, because ensures! Proper way, it is rare to see the loss or wastage of this plant seed. Is good for the next time I comment West and Central Africa may cause indigestion get to the of... A customer, but do not do well in open and flat..